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Carter Center, American College of Physicians, and Health Experts Release Report Detailing Solutions for Reinvigorating Primary Care System: Five Prescriptions for Ensuring the Future of Primary Care

Contact: The Carter Center, Paige Rohe (Atlanta),, +1-404-420-5129
American College of Physicians, Jackie Blaser (Washington, D.C.),

Carter Center, American College of Physicians, and Health Experts Release Report Detailing Solutions for Reinvigorating Primary Care System:

Five Prescriptions for Ensuring the Future of Primary Care

ATLANTA... A new report from The Carter Center and the American College of Physicians (ACP), "Five Prescriptions for Ensuring the Future of Primary Care," argues that an overhaul of the primary care education system—including adopting more rigorous training in mental illness diagnosis and treatment—is necessary to fully implement reform of the U.S. health care system. The report emerged from discussions among thought-leaders from diverse backgrounds and perspectives during the Health Education Summit held at The Carter Center in October 2010, funded with grant support from the United Health Foundation.

"Primary care clinicians—including physicians, nurse practitioners and physician assistants—encourage people with complex health needs to engage in self-management and coordinated care plans," said Michael S. Barr, MD, FACP, senior vice president for the American College of Physician's Division of Medical Practice, Professionalism & Quality, and co-chair of the meeting. "However, the effectiveness of these efforts is often limited by the lack of resources and training needed to address behavioral and mental health conditions."

"In the case of mental health conditions alone—which affect one-quarter of Americans each year—billions of medical dollars and other valuable resources are wasted because training programs are not adequately preparing clinicians to recognize and treat these disorders appropriately in the primary care setting," said John Bartlett, MD, MPH, senior adviser, at the Carter Center's Primary Care Initiative, and the other co-chair of the meeting. "As a result, millions of people are suffering unnecessarily."

Common themes from the "Five Prescriptions for Ensuring the Future of Primary Care" include: changing curriculums and teaching to provide more training in team-oriented settings and to integrate behavioral health care diagnosis and treatment into the primary care setting; leveraging existing funding mechanisms and creating new incentives to facilitate greater adoption of primary care careers among young health professionals; and finally, stimulating a broader research agenda to inform primary care practice and health training of the future.

"Our primary care system is sick, but we have five prescriptions for physicians and other health care professionals to heal the system," said ACP president Virginia L. Hood, MBBS, MPH, FACP, "and an important part of this is ensuring behavioral health care is better integrated into primary care settings."

Read the Proceedings from the Health Education Summit, Oct. 5 and 6, 2010 (PDF) >

Editor's Note:

  • In October 2010, The Carter Center's Primary Care Initiative, part of the Mental Health Program, in partnership with the American College of Physicians and the United Health Foundation, convened some of the nation's leading experts to discuss the educational and training gaps in today's health education systems for primary care, behavioral health care, and health promotion. The proceedings from this meeting and recommendations for improving primary care education are included in the report, "Five Prescriptions for Ensuring the Future of Primary Care," which is available online for download at
  • Learn more about the Carter Center's Mental Health Program and Primary Care Initiative > 


The Carter Center was founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and his wife, Rosalynn, in partnership with Emory University, to advance peace and health worldwide. A not-for-profit, nongovernmental organization, the Center has helped to improve life for people in more than 70 countries by resolving conflicts; advancing democracy, human rights, and economic opportunity; preventing diseases; improving mental health care; and teaching farmers to increase crop production. The Center's Primary Care Initiative, launched in 2007, works to help identify ways to facilitate better recognition and treatment of mental health and substance abuse problems in primary care.

American College of Physicians is the largest medical specialty organization and the second-largest physician group in the United States. ACP members include 130,000 internal medicine physicians (internists), related subspecialists, and medical students. Internists specialize in the prevention, detection, and treatment of illness in adults.  Follow ACP on Twitter (@acpinternists) and Facebook (

Guided by a passion to help people live healthier lives, United Health Foundation provides helpful information to support decisions that lead to better health outcomes and healthier communities. The Foundation also supports activities that expand access to quality health care services for those in challenging circumstances and partners with others to improve the well-being of communities. Since established by UnitedHealth Group [NYSE: UNH] in 1999 as a not-for-profit, private foundation, the Foundation has committed more than $187 million to improve health and health care. For more information, visit

Read the Proceedings from the Health Education Summit, Oct. 5 and 6, 2010 (PDF)

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